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what is diabetes – What you should know about diabetes?

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(Crossville Chronicle) Diabetes is a life-long disease t h a t affects the way your body handles glucose, a k i n d of sugar, in your blood. There are two types of diabetes that are identified as Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and was previously known as juvenile diabetes. O n l y 5% of people with diabetes have this f o r m of the disease.

The American Diabetes Association released data June 10, 2014, f r o m their National Diabetes Statistic Report that stated the following:

• Prevalence: In 2012, 29.1 million Americans, or 9.3% of the population, had diabetes. Approximately 1.25 million American children and adults have type 1.

• Undiagnosed: Of the 29.1 million, 21.0 million were diagnosed, a n d 8.1 million were undiagnosed.

• Prediabetes: In 2012, 86 million Americans age 20 and older had prediabetes; this is up f r o m 79 million in 2 010.

• New cases: 1.4 million Americans are diagnosed with diabetes .

Deaths: Diabetes remains the 7th leading cause of death in t h e United States in 2010, with 69,071 d e a t h certificates listing it as the underlying cause, and a total of 234.051 death certificates listing it as an underlying or contributing cause.

As a result of uncontrolled or untreated diabetes, m a n y people develop diabetic complications.

Blindness — Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness in the country resulting in 12,000-24,000 persons losing their sight each year.

Kidney Disease — Diabetes is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease accounting for about 40% of all new cases.

Amputation and Heart Disease — Diabetes is the most frequent cause of non-traumatic amputation in the country. The risk of lower extremity amputations is 15-40 times greater for a person with diabetes. People with diabetes are 2-4 times more likely to have heart disease and stroke, which accounts for approximately 75% of diabetes related deaths.

Neuropathy (Nerve Damage) — Neuropathy is the most common and noticeable side effect of diabetes, a n d in most cases irreversible.

Diabetes is a very serious danger to your body and should not be ignored or untreated. Consult with your doctor each time you have blood work and f o l l o w their instructions.

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