Everyone experiences some forms of anxiety or stressors in their lives, so it’s completely normal to have those feelings of anxiousness occasionally. However, when anxiety becomes excessive or affecting your day-to-day life, it could be a sign of anxiety disorders.
These anxiety disorders make it difficult to control overwhelming feelings of worry and can leave you feeling helpless and exhausted. There are several types of anxiety disorders, each caused by different triggers. Some of these include:
- Panic disorder
- Select mutism
- Anxiety due to another medical condition
- Social anxiety disorder
- Substance/medication-induced anxiety disorder
- Separation anxiety disorder
- Unspecified anxiety disorder
- Generalized anxiety disorder
What are the symptoms of anxiety disorders?
Signs of anxiety disorders can appear in both mental and physical symptoms, depending on the type of anxiety disorder you’re experiencing.
These symptoms may also appear differently for adults than children. It’s important to note that adults may need to help identify these conditions in children, in order to know when they should talk to a doctor. They may not be able to verbalize their feelings clearly, but could instead show signs of anxiety disorders.
The most common symptoms and signs of anxiety disorders in adults include:
- Trembling or twitching
- Nervousness or restlessness
- Increasing heart rate, pounding heart, or palpitations
- Feeling dizzy, unsteady, lightheaded, or faint disturbances (difficulty falling or staying asleep, restless, unrestful sleep)
- Gastrointestinal (GI) problems (nausea, diarrhea, etc.)
- An impending sense of panic, danger, or doom
- Avoiding triggers (to the point of inconvenience)
- Muscle aches (brought on by chronic muscle tension)
- Difficulty controlling feelings of worry or uncertainty
- Overthinking worst-case scenarios
- Indecisiveness or fear when making decisions
- Perceiving situations as threatening when they aren’t
- Difficulty focusing on tasks
The most common symptoms and signs of anxiety disorders demonstrated in children includes:
- Being a perfectionist
- Worrying about performance at school or in sports
- Going to excessive lengths for approval
- Seeking constant reassurance
- Crying before school, or increased difficulty returning to school after weekends or breaks
- Trouble going to sleep or staying asleep
- Feeling anxious to fit in, even in established peer groups
- Avoiding social situations or school
- Lacking confidence
- Excessive time spent on tasks (homework, practicing for sports, grooming before leaving the house, etc.)
- Intense worry about punctuality
- Strong, unfounded concern over the safety of loved ones
- Excessive worrying about uncontrollable events (natural disasters, wars, illnesses, etc.)
- Complaints of an upset stomach or other physical discomforts
Like many mental health conditions, anxiety disorders are caused by a complex combination of environmental and biological elements. In some cases, the exact causes of anxiety disorders aren’t fully understood.
Sometimes, anxiety disorders can be caused by catalysts such as:
- Changes/differences in brain chemistry or function
- Personality or environmental changes
- Traumatic events (physical injuries, extreme emotional distress, abuse, etc.)
- Stress buildup
There are also a number of medical problems that can cause anxiety disorder symptoms, including:
- Chronic pain syndrome
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Drug use
- Withdrawal from alcohol, drugs, or prescribed medications
- Thyroid issues
- Rare types of tumors that produce certain hormones
- Respiratory disorders (asthma, COPD, etc.)
- Heart disease
How are anxiety disorders diagnosed and Receive panic attack treatment while at home?
Before the healthcare professional provides a diagnosis for anxiety disorders, they’ll want to discuss your personal and family medical history. They’ll also want to evaluate your current condition and any anxiety disorder symptoms you’ve been experiencing.
In many cases, the healthcare provider will refer you to a mental health professional like a psychotherapist, who can help you manage your panic attack treatment while at home.
Once you’ve had a full physical and psychological evaluation, the healthcare provider can provide an anxiety disorder diagnosis, if necessary. They’ll also be able to suggest anxiety disorder treatments, including ongoing psychotherapy or any required prescription anxiety disorder medications. For many people, it can be easier to help with panic attack treatment at home.
Manage your panic attack treatment While at home
A medical doctor or online therapist will go over the risks and benefits of treatment plans. Depending on the cause and level of the anxiety attack, your treatment plan may include:
You can have therapy online which can provide talk therapy or cognitive behavioral therapy
Medications may include:
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs)